Exodontia is the surgical act of extraction of a tooth. A tooth may require extraction for various reasons, from a tooth deteriorated by caries and that is no longer possible to reconstruct, a fractured tooth, or a temporary tooth that does not fall by itself, to periapical pathology that cannot be treated by other means.
Usually, to perform an extraction, the tooth must be held, luxated and finally extracted. A number of instruments, such as forceps and elevators, are available for the luxation and come in a wide variety of designs according to the tooth to be treated.
The complications that may arise when an extraction is performed can occur during the extraction itself or thereafter (view diagram 1).