Root canal treatment or endodontic treatment involves total or partial removal of the pulpal organ which could have been infected either due to bacterial attack or trauma, and can no longer perform its function.
The dental pulp is an organ that presents certain, special characteristics. It is surrounded by the dentin and enamel on the outside of the tooth. The pulp organ seems to react to certain “attacks” on to the tooth. Whether by bacterial attack (caries) or trauma to a tooth.
The elimination of the dental pulp or its remnants and the decontamination of the dentin wall may be performed manually or with medical devices. After cleaning the root canals, they are usually sealed with gutta percha type filler material and different types of endodontic cement.